Russian folk hats
1 Fez children's red.
2-3 Men's tricky peak cap for hunting and road, leather from Danish husky black, brown, dark green.
4 Summer men's cap on a hair lining from khaki rep.
5 Machine for increasing, stretching the size in caps and hats.
Caps are man's tricot, cloth. Russia, 1911
1 Men's tricky peaked cap, different colors, Chinese chesuch, gloria raw materials (wool with silk).
2 Men's tricot cap is soft, different colors from matting, gloria raw materials (wool with silk).
3 Men's peaked cap with a visor, dark blue.
4 Men's cap made of cloth, dark blue, “American” style.
5 Men's tricky peaked cap black, brown, dark green leather, Danish huskies.
Men's caps. Russia, 1912
1 Men's civilian cap with a wide circle, closed visor, cloth, castor, blue crepe.
2 Men's civilian cap with uniform peak, half-Russian style, cloth.
3 Men's civilian cap with a visor closed, half-Russian style, cloth.
4 Men's civilian cap with a wide circle with a uniform peak, cloth, castor.
Men's and children's hats. Russia, 1912
1 The half-cylinder for priests is castor, solid. Soft hats of the same style.
2 Hat straw, beige, gray, brown, cream.
3 Half cylinder for priests from silk plush.
4 The coachman's hat is silk.
5 Cloth cap for children. Style "American".
6 Children's hat.
7 Children's hat “Sailor” made of black cloth with white piping with St. George ribbon. Summer with a white sheath.
8 Sash coachman semi-silk.
Men's hats. Russia, 1912
1. The castor hat is soft, black and light gray.
2. Hat - Panama American.
3. A hat made of thin cream-colored straw. Style "Pushkin".
4. The straw hat. Style "Boater".
5. Hat style "Panama" made of matting with a silk knitted ribbon from a cloth with a worn ribbon.
6. Spring black hat from smooth castor, from castor with pile.
7. Hat made of thin straw, cream color.
8. Spring black hat from smooth castor, from castor with pile, velor.
The most luxurious was a female headdress. From its details, one could often find out where the owner came from, her age, marital and class status.
First of all, the girl’s and female (“woman’s”) headdress were clearly distinguished. Unmarried women wore more modest clothes, and for the girl's dress an open crown and hair in sight were typical (for example, a hoop, a bandage), while married women hid their entire hair.
Women's headgear has always been combined with a hairstyle. Girls wore 1 braid, and married peasant women wove 2, wrapping them around their heads or laying them in a bun.
Putting on a headdress for the first time was often accompanied by certain rites.
Headgear with photo and history of origin
Any male headdress in Russia presupposes an individual history of appearance, form and appearance, traditions and customs. Experts note that the history and varieties of Russian hats are an interesting subject for study and research. Today, many countries and states at holidays and international celebrations present their national costumes, including Russia, rich in its old models of hats.
This headdress appeared many centuries ago, and the word itself is of Turkic origin. The traditional headdress of Slavic men the cap assumed a cone-shaped pointed shape, and they sewed it mainly from snow-white silk and satin. Russian caps were decorated with pearls, trim around the edge with natural fur, precious stones.
Caps were worn by rich men (caps made of velvet and expensive natural fur), and ordinary people (caps made of wool and cheap fur). The mention of the cap dates back to 1073, when this headpiece adorned the head of Svyatoslav Izbornik. Later, people began to wear dome, bedroom, street and front caps for all occasions. This is perhaps the most ancient men's headdress in Russia.
Another men's hats borrowed from the Tatars of ancient Russia are models of tafya hats. According to the chronicles, taffyu was worn in the 16th century, and men wore caps over it. We are talking about a small neat hat, which covered only the area of the crown. Initially, Muslim peoples and Jews began to wear taffyu, who covered their heads during prayers.
The second name of tafya is skufya, the cap was compared with a skullcap in shape and purpose. Rich men adorned taffy with threads of silk and gold. Initially, coming from the East, tafya became the headdress of the nobility, Ivan the Terrible himself, despite the prohibitions of the church, wore tafya during prayers. Most often, taffy was made to order from dark soft materials.
Mrmolka became a variety of the Russian cap in the 17th century, it was a low quadrangular cap with a cloth top in black, green or red, as well as a base made of brocade or velvet. Murmolka was worn only by representatives of the nobility - boyars, clerks and merchants.
In the winter season, the grinder was trimmed with natural fur, turning a wide stripe outward. A small cut was made in the center of the front side of the cap so that the cap did not constrain the head.
This headgear gained popularity in the pre-Petrine time, it is attributed to the third kind of headgear from the time of Ivan the Terrible.
The hat was trimmed around the edge with a fur band of beaver, sable or fox. As in the case with the cap, holes were made on the cap and buttons were supplemented, on each gap there were 6 buttons. Representatives of the nobility preferred such caps.
The fourth genus of men's hats under Tsar Ivan the Terrible was the throat hats, which received this name because they were made from the sable necks, foxes and martens. Visually, the cap resembled a gradually expanding cylinder the height of a male elbow, the top of which was decorated with velvet and brocade. And if the cap gradually narrowed to the top, then the neck of the neck expanded on the contrary.
In these times, men first put on taffy on the crown, then put on a cap, and then supplemented the image of a noble man with a throat hat. It was also customary to wear this hat at the fold of the left hand, especially if the headdress was removed as a sign of greeting. It is from that time that the proverbial “cap-like acquaintance” began. In the houses of men, an elegantly painted blockhead was supposed to be worn on which they would put on a hat.
Another type of headgear of the nomadic peoples of Russia, later this other headdress was adopted by other peoples and countries. Today, earflaps are worn by men in the army, the military and police, as well as ordinary citizens. The second name of such a headdress is malachai, it comes from the Kalmyk steppes.
The cap of a rounded shape was supposed to go into long headphones with ties, thanks to which they were hiding from the frost.
Another type of old male headdress that came at the end of the 12th century from the Mongol-Tatars. A hat was made of woolen pot, and due to the visual similarity with the top of the buckwheat pie, it got this name. Later, a cap about 8 cm high in the form of a column became popular among Moscow cab drivers, especially if we consider the period of the beginning and the middle of the 19th century.
Any headdress of Slavic men hid under itself a special history of the emergence or adoption from other peoples. Due to the frequent raids of the Mongol-Tatars, it was these peoples that caused the appearance of such types of garments as tafya, malachai, murmolka and cap. Of these hats above, the first 4 models relate to the reign of Tsar Ivan the Terrible, who became famous throughout the world.